Cryosurgery is a minimally-invasive procedure used to treat prostate cancer, specifically in the early stages. During the procedure, cancerous tissue within the prostate gland is frozen, causing cancer cells to die. The procedure typically takes about two to three hours. You may be given a general anesthetic or the surgical area will be numbed using local or regional anesthesia. Side effects include impotence, frequent, painful or difficult urination and urinary incontinence.

You’ll have regular follow-ups with your urologist after the procedure, as well as periodic imaging and laboratory tests to assess treatment results. Typically, it takes the body up to 9 months to completely absorb the dead cancer cells.